If your son or daughter has an operation scheduled, surely it is because he needs it.Doctors do not resort to surgery unless it is the most recommended option for the treatment of any disease or injury. Thanks to science, there is anesthesia, which allows us not to experience pain during surgery. Is not it amazing? Anesthesia is like falling into a deep sleep where you do not feel anything to wake up, to find the surprise that some health problem has been solved.
But when it comes to children especially, many parents are afraid of anesthesia. There are several myths about it: it is said to be dangerous because the person may never wake up. There is also talk of damage or injury. However, do not worry. Nowadays the risks are very low. So do not worry.
As I mentioned, anesthesia has been created so that you do not experience pain during surgery or during a surgical procedure. In addition, there are doctors who specialize, that is, after they finish medical school, are dedicated to studying everything related to anesthesia and the administration of them during a surgery. These are the anesthesiologists. The anesthesiologist (a) is the person in charge of being before, during and after a surgery that requires general anesthesia. He or she is in charge of checking that your child receives the type of anesthesia and the necessary and fair dose, according to their age, condition and type of surgery.
Not all surgical procedures require the same type of anesthesia. Heart surgery is not the same as, for example, extracting a tooth. Therefore, there are different types of anesthesia.
It is used in cases where the person must be completely “asleep” or unconscious. Usually in major surgeries. As no answer is required from your child during surgery, and in the hope that he does not have an unpleasant experience, it is better that he or she can “sleep” pleasantly while doctors work to improve their health. Also, in some surgeries it is also important that you do not move during the procedure.
For your little one to go into deep sleep, the anesthesiologist can put a mask that covers his nose and mouth with some type of gas or vapor, or he can put an injection in the arm through which he will administer the anesthesia. During the postoperative period (after surgery) after anesthesia, a properly trained nurse will follow your child’s recovery step by step, according to the anesthesiologist’s instructions.
Other surgeries require a lower dose of anesthesia, or simply require “disconnect” only a specific region of the body. For example, from the waist down. Some people may be aware during surgery, while, in other cases, it is preferable that they are asleep with a type of sedative. In some cases, children should be aware as in the case of obese children, since it is difficult for the anesthesiologist to feel the bone as a reference to be able to place the needle and to avoid damaging some structure such as a nerve, they prefer that the child be I awake to tell you that you have some discomfort.
Local anesthesia is used for minor procedures, such as those performed by doctors in their own offices or clinics. Through this type of anesthesia only the area that will be intervened is numbed.
For some children, the fear of being awake during a surgery and realizing what is happening around them is much bigger than the fear of anesthesia. Many children would like to be asleep so they do not see or hear anything that happens at that moment, even when it comes to minor procedures, such as when it comes to extracting a mole, because even the idea impresses them. Then they tell the doctor that they would prefer to be completely asleep. However, this decision is made by the doctor sometimes together with the anesthesiologist considering several factors, including:
- The physical and medical condition of the child
- The type of surgery that will be performed on your child, and the duration of the same
- The medicines you take and if you are allergic to any medicine or not
- If you have had a reaction to anesthesia, if you have had previous surgeries.
On the other hand, if your child is not going to receive anesthesia and is very distressed about the surgery, talk with the doctor about how they can reduce their anxiety. Maybe they can sedate him so that he is sleepy during the procedure. The pediatrician can explain that he will be asleep so that he is calmer.
As you may have noticed, there is no need to worry when it comes to resorting to anesthesia. Whether your child has to undergo surgery under general or other anesthesia, remember that this will make you feel pain and have a better attitude if you have to undergo other surgeries in the future. Talk to your child and explain that anesthesia is like a deep sleep that will help you wake up healthier or treat a problem or cure it.
If you have questions about the anesthesia or the surgery your child will undergo, ask your doctor and / or the anesthesiologist.